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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Artocarpus

Artocarpus styracifolius Pierre

二色菠萝蜜

Description from Flora of China

Artocarpus bicolor Merrill & Chun.

Trees to 20 m. Bark dark gray, rough. Young branchlets 1-1.5 mm thick, densely white appressed-puberulent. Stipules subulate, caducous. Leaves distichous; petiole 0.8-1.4 cm, pubescent; leaf blade oblong, obovate-lanceolate, or sometimes elliptic, 4-8 × 2.5-3 cm, lobed or apically shallowly toothed on new leaves of young trees, leathery to papery, abaxially densely covered with white farinaceous hairs especially on veins, adaxially dark green and sparsely pubescent, base cuneate to decurrent on petiole, margin entire, apex acuminate to caudate; secondary veins 4-7 on each side of midvein, tertiary veins reticulate, abaxially ± flat, and adaxially raised when dry. Inflorescences axillary, solitary. Male inflorescences ellipsoid, 6-12 × 4-7 mm, densely covered with grayish white pubescence; peduncle ca. 1.5 cm with glandular hairs; bracts 1(-6), shield-shaped to ± orbicular. Male flowers: filament thin; anther globose. Female flowers: calyx lobes 2 or 3, oblong, pubescent. Fruiting syncarp yellow, reddish brown when dry, globose, ca. 4 cm in diam., pubescent, covered with curved cylindric papillae; peduncle 1.8-2.5 cm, pubescent. Drupes globose. Fl. early autumn, fr. late autumn to early winter.

The wood is used for furniture and the fruit for jam.

Forests; 200-1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, SW Hunan, SE Yunnan [Laos, Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 乔木;果熟时橙黄色

花期: 7--8

果期: 11

生境: 生于自然林中

用途: 果味酸甜可食;木材供建筑和家具用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 红山梅、小叶胭脂


 

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