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Dinghushan | Family List | Dryopteridaceae | Dryopteris

Dryopteris championii (Benth.) C. Chr.

阔鳞鳞毛蕨

Description from Flora of China

Aspidium championii Bentham, Fl. Hongk. 456. 1861; Dryopteris bullatipaleacea Ching; D. changii Ching; D. conferta Ching & P. S. Chiu; D. grandiosa Ching & P. S. Chiu; D. gutishanensis Ching & C. F. Zhang; D. huanglungensis Ching; D. infrahirtella Ching & Z. Y. Liu; D. laoshanensis J. X. Li & S. T. Ma; D. linganensis Ching & C. F. Zhang; D. nanchuanensis Ching & Z. Y. Liu (1983), not Ching & Z. Y. Liu (Jul 1984) nor Ching & Z. Y. Liu (Oct 1984); D. neofuscipes Ching & Z. Y. Liu; D. neofuscipes Ching & P. S. Chiu (1987), not Ching & Z. Y. Liu (1984); D. occidentalizhejiangensis Ching & P. S. Chiu; D. paleifera Ching & Z. Y. Liu; D. qinyuanensis Ching & P. S. Chiu ["chinyuanensis"]; D. wangii Ching; D. wuyishanensis Ching; D. wuyishanicola Ching & P. S. Chiu; D. yandongensis Ching & C. F. Zhang; D. zunyiensis Ching.

Rhizome ascending or erect, densely covered with scales at apex; scales brown, lanceolate, entire. Fronds caespitose. Stipes stramineous, 30-40 cm, 4-5 mm in diam., densely covered with scales; scales broadly lanceolate, toothed, acuminate. Lamina ovate-lanceolate, 40-60 × 20-30 cm, bipinnate. Pinnae 10-15 pairs, subopposite below, alternate above, ovate-lanceolate, slightly narrowed at base, ascending at apex. Pinnules 10-13 pairs, lanceolate, 2-3 cm, base shallowly cordate or broadly cuneate, with short stalk, pinnatifid to pinnatipartite, apex obtuse and serrulate. Segments obtuse, toothed, basal segment distinctly larger, pinnules broadest at base. Veins pinnate, visible abaxially. Lamina herbaceous, dark green, subglabrous adaxially, scaly abaxially; rachis scales dense, broadly lanceolate, toothed, hairlike at apex; pinna rachis densely covered with bullate scales. Sori in 1 row on either side of costa, medial or nearer to margin than to costa; indusia brown, reniform, entire. n = 123.

Subtropical or temperate forests. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 草本;

生境: 见于鸡笼山林中阴处

用途: 茎根药用,治烫火伤、痛经;酸性土指示植物

门中名: 蕨类植物门

中文别名: 东南鳞毛蕨


 

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