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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Orchidaceae

47. Bulbophyllum Thouars, Hist. Orchid. table 3. 1822.

[Greek bolbos, bulb, and phyllon, leaf, referring to its leafy pseudobulb]

James D. Ackerman

Herbs, epiphytic or lithophytic, sympodial. Roots velamentous, glabrous. Stems rhizomatous, covered by scarious sheaths; pseudobulbs often angled, ovoid, stout. Leaves conduplicate, articulate, thin to leathery. Inflorescences lateral from base of pseudobulb, spikes [racemes], erect to pendent, pedunculate, rachis swollen, fleshy. Flowers resupinate, sessile; dorsal sepal distinct and free; lateral sepals adnate to column foot forming mentum; petals distinct and free, smaller than sepals; lip fleshy; column erect with aristate terminal teeth or wings; anther terminal, incumbent, operculate; pollinia 2 or 4, hard, waxy; stigma entire; ovary sessile [pedicellate]. Fruits capsules, beakless. x = 19, 20.

Species 1000–1200 (1 in the flora): pantropical, mostly Asia and Africa.


Vermeulen, J. J. 1987. A taxonomic revision of the continental African Bulbophyllinae. Orchid Monogr. 2. Vermeulen, J. J. 1993. A taxonomic revision of Bulbophyllum, sections Adelopetalum, Lepanthanthe, Macrouris, Pelma, Peltopus, and Uncifera (Orchidaceae). Orchid Monogr. 7.

Lower Taxon


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