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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae

85. Dryopetalon A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5(6): 11, plate 11. 1853.

[Greek drys, oak, and petalon, leaf, alluding to resemblance of petal shape to leaves of some oaks] [Greek drys, oak, and petalon, leaf, alluding to resemblance of petal shape to leaves of some oaks]

Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz

Rollinsia Al-Shehbaz

Annuals or biennials; not scapose; usually pubescent or hirsute, rarely glabrous. Stems erect or ascending, unbranched or branched basally or distally. Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate or sessile; basal rosulate or not, petiolate, blade margins entire, dentate to runcinate, or pinnatifid; cauline petiolate or [sub]sessile, blade (base not auriculate, or auriculate to amplexicaul), margins entire or dentate to pinnatifid. Racemes (corymbose, initially congested), considerably elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels ascending, divaricate, or horizontal, slender. Flowers: sepals erect to ascending, oblong [ovate], lateral pair slightly saccate or not basally, (glabrous or pubescent); petals white or purplish, spatulate or obovate (longer than sepals), claw gradually narrowed from blade to base, (margins sometimes pinnatifid, or deeply 2-lobed); stamens tetradynamous; filaments not dilated basally, (glabrous or papillate basally); anthers oblong; nectar glands: lateral annular, median glands confluent with lateral. Fruits sessile or shortly stipitate, usually linear, rarely linear-oblong, torulose or smooth, terete or flattened (latiseptate); valves each with a distinct midvein, glabrous; replum rounded; septum complete, not veined; ovules 10-110 per ovary; style distinct; stigma capitate, usually entire, rarely slightly 2-lobed. Seeds uniseriate, plump, usually not winged, rarely narrowly so, ovate [oblong]; seed coat not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent [incumbent]. x = [10] 12, 14.

Species 8 (2 in the flora): sw United States, n Mexico.

SELECTED REFERENCES Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 2007. Generic limits of Dryopetalon, Rollinsia, Sibara, and Thelypodiopsis (Brassicaceae) and a synopsis of Dryopetalon. Novon 17: 397-402. Rollins, R. C. 1941c. The cruciferous genus Dryopetalon. Contr. Dudley Herb. 3: 199-207.


1 Cauline leaves shortly petiolate or sessile, blade bases not auriculate; fruits 0.5-1.2 mm wide; ovules 60-110 per ovary; seeds not winged; petal margins pinnatifid.   1 Dryopetalon runcinatum
+ Cauline leaves sessile, blade bases auriculate; fruits 2-3 mm wide; ovules 10-28 per ovary; seeds winged (narrowly); petal margins usually entire, sometimes repand.   2 Dryopetalon viereckii

Lower Taxa


 

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