231. Psacalium Cassini in F. Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 43: 461. 1826.
[Provenance of name not stated by author]
Theodore M. Barkley†
Perennials, [10–]80–150[–300] cm (rhizomes usually fleshy; plants hairy or tufted-hairy to unevenly glabrate). Stems single or clustered, erect. Leaves basal and cauline (proximal largest, cauline progressively smaller distally, bractlike); alternate; petiolate (petioles well defined, attached to blades at bases [attached near centers, leaves peltate]); blades palmately or pinnately nerved (and, usually, lobed), mostly ovate to elliptic [orbiculate, polygonal], ultimate margins entire or toothed, faces glabrous or sparsely [densely] hairy. Heads discoid, in corymbiform to paniculiform arrays. Calyculi of 1–3[–5] bractlets (shorter than [equaling or longer than] phyllaries). Involucres cylindric to weakly turbinate, 1.5–4[–10+] mm diam. Phyllaries persistent, mostly 5–8[–17] in 1–2 series, erect, distinct, ovate, obovate, or oblong, subequal, margins scarious (tips greenish or gray to whitish, not black). Receptacles flat, foveolate (sometimes hairy), epaleate. Ray florets 0. Disc florets 5–8[–80], bisexual, fertile; corollas white or ochroleucous [yellow, purplish], tubes longer than the campanulate or ± lacking throats, lobes 5, ascending to spreading, lance-linear; style branches: stigmatic areas continuous, apices rounded-truncate. Cypselae mostly ± ellipsoid, ± compressed, [10–]14–18-ribbed, glabrous or hairy; pappi  persistent (fragile), of 100–120, white or creamy, barbellulate bristles. x = 30.
Species ca. 42 (1 in the flora): sw United States, mostly Mexico and Central America.
Robinson, H. and R. D. Brettell. 1973b. Studies in the Senecioneae (Asteraceae). III. The genus Psacalium. Phytologia 27: 254–264.