1. Euclidium syriacum (Linnaeus) W. T. Aiton in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 74. 1812.
Anastatica syriaca Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 2: 895. 1763; Bunias syriaca (Linnaeus) M. Bieberstein
Plants scabrous throughout, trichomes to 1 mm. Stems often ascending, (rigid), usually branched basally and near middle, (0.4-)1-4(-4.5) dm. Basal leaves similar to cauline. Cauline leaves petiolate [(0.2-)0.5-2(-2.5) cm] or (distal) sessile or subsessile; blade oblong, oblong-lanceolate, or elliptic, (1-)1.5-7(-9) cm × (3-)7-20(-30) mm (smaller distally), base cuneate, margins usually entire, dentate, or repand, rarely pinnatifid, apex acute or obtuse. Fruiting pedicels appressed to rachis, 0.5-1(-1.2) mm (ca. 1/2 as wide as fruit). Flowers: sepals 0.6-0.9 × 0.2-0.4 mm, sparsely pubescent; petals 0.9-1.3 × 0.1-0.2 mm, claw 0.4-0.6 mm; filaments 0.5-0.8 mm; anthers 0.1-0.2 mm. Fruits erect, 0.2-0.3 cm × 1.5-2 mm, 2-seeded; replum expanded, to 1.5 mm wide basally, narrowed to apex; style curved away from rachis, subconical, 1-1.8 mm, sparsely pubescent. Seeds 1.3-1.7 × 0.8-1.2 mm. 2n = 14.
Flowering May-Jun. Waste places, roadsides, flats; 0-2500 m; introduced; Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mass., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; introduced also in Australia.
Euclidium syriacum is known in the flora area from relatively few collections. The Massachusetts record, Knowlton s.n. (GH), was collected nearly a century ago; it is not known if the species has persisted in that state.