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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Chaenomeles

2. Chaenomeles japonica (Thunberg) Lindley ex Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 2: 159. 1834.
[(as Choenomeles)]

Japanese flowering quince

Pyrus japonica Thunberg, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3: 208. 1780; Cydonia japonica (Thunberg) Persoon

Shrubs, 0.2–10 dm. Branches purple, scabrous (and tomentose when young, becoming blackish brown, verrucose, glabrous with age). Leaves: stipules of vegetative branches reniform, to 1 cm, margins crenate-serrate, apex usually obtuse; petiole 4–6 mm; blade obovate, spatulate, or broadly ovate, 3–5 × 2–3 cm, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margins crenate-serrate, apex obtuse to acute, abaxial surface glabrous. Flowers 25–40 mm diam.; sepals ovate, rarely suborbiculate, 4–5 mm; petals dark red, obovate or suborbiculate, 15–25 mm; stamens 40–60, 1/2 length of petals. Pomes yellow, subglobose, 23–40 mm diam.

Flowering Apr–May; fruiting Aug–Oct. Vacant lots, old fields, fencerows, wastelands; 10–600 m; introduced; Ill., Miss., N.Y., Pa., Vt., W.Va.; e Asia (Japan); introduced also in Europe.

Chaenomeles japonica is cultivated as an ornamental for its showy spring flowers.


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