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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Eriobotrya

1. Eriobotrya japonica (Thunberg) Lindley, Trans. Linn. Soc. London. 13: 102. 1821.

Mespilus japonica Thunberg, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3: 208. 1780

Stems: bark ± smooth. Leaves: petiole 6–10 mm; blade margins dentate in distal 1/2, lateral veins 15–25 per side, apex acute. Inflorescences: branches stiff, densely rufous-tomentose, with 1–3 barely reduced leaflike bracts, flowers ± sessile; bracteoles deciduous, narrowly triangular, margins entire, rufous-tomentose. Flowers: sepals 3 × 3 mm; petals ± spreading, often notched, 8–10 mm. Pomes: flesh sweet. Seeds 3–5, black, ovoid, shiny. 2n = 34.

Flowering spring. Redwood forests, suburban and urban woodlots; 0–100 m; introduced; Calif., Fla., Ga., La.; Asia (China); introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Europe, n, s Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia.

Naturalized plants of Eriobotrya japonica are only sporadically found in North America. The species is apparently native to east-central China (Gu C. and S. A. Spongberg 2003c), but it has long been cultivated and is now spontaneous in a much larger Asian area. The species is cultivated widely for its fruit in warm temperate and subtropical regions.


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