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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Helianthus

33. Helianthus resinosus Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1269, 1340. 1903.

Resindot sunflower

Perennials, 100–300 cm (rhi-zomatous). Stems (often reddish or purplish) erect, hirsute or villous. Leaves mostly cauline; mostly alternate; petioles 0.5–2 cm (broadly winged); blades lanceolate to ovate, 6.5–20 × 3.2–9 cm, bases gradually narrowed (onto petioles), margins entire or serrate, abaxial faces hirsute to tomentose, gland-dotted. Heads 1–5. Peduncles 1–3 cm. Involucres hemispheric, 15–27 mm diam. Phyllaries 20–30 (squarrose to reflexed, at least tips), lanceolate, 10–21 × 3–5 mm (notably surpassing discs), apices acute to attenuate, abaxial faces hispid to villous, densely gland-dotted (at least toward apices). Paleae 9–11 mm, 3-toothed (gland-dotted). Ray florets 10–20; laminae (often light yellow) 18–30 mm. Disc florets 90+; corollas 8–8.5 mm, lobes yellow; anthers dark, appendages dark. Cypselae 5–7 mm, glabrate; pappi of 2 aristate scales 2.4–2.6 mm. 2n = 102.

Flowering late summer–fall. Roadsides, open areas; 0–900+ m; Ala., Fla., Ga., Miss., N.C., S.C.

Consistent with its epithet, Helianthus resinosus has abundant subsessile glandular hairs ("resin dots") on its leaves, phyllaries, paleae, and ray laminae. It intergrades and has been reported to hybridize with H. tuberosus. It is cultivated and usually sold under the long-misapplied name H. tomentosus Michaux.


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