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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Crataegus

107. Crataegus dodgei Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 19: 26. 1903.

Dodge hawthorn

Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. dodgei (Ashe) E. J. Palmer; C. crassifolia Sargent; C. delosii Sargent; C. dodgei var. flavida (Sargent) P. G. Smith & J. B. Phipps; C. dodgei var. rotundata (Sargent) Kruschke; C. flavida Sargent; C. gravesii Sargent; C. rotundata Sargent

Shrubs or trees, 50 dm. Stems: twigs: new growth ˂often ± reddish young˃, glabrous, 1-year old gray-brown, older dull gray; thorns on twigs ˂few to plentiful˃, straight to ± recurved, 1-year old shiny, dark brown or black, older gray, slender, 2.5–7 cm. Leaves: petiole length 40–60% blade, glabrous, sparsely to densely minutely glandular; blade ˂green˃, suborbiculate, ± ovate, broadly rhombic to rhombic-ovate, sometimes broadly elliptic, 2–5 cm, thin, base rounded to cuneate, lobes 0 or 1–4 per side, sinuses shallow to moderately deep, lobe apex acute to obtuse, margins crenate-serrate to serrate, veins 4–6 per side, apex subacute to obtuse, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial glabrate young, soon glabrescent. Inflorescences 6–15-flowered; branches glabrous; bracteoles linear, membranous, margins glandular, larger proximally stipitate-glandular. Flowers 13–18 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrous; sepals narrowly triangular, 5 mm, margins entire or ± glandular-denticulate; stamens 10, anthers ivory; styles 2 or 3. Pomes yellow to yellow-orange, dull orange, or ruddy to red, suborbicular, 7–12 mm diam., glabrous; sepals reflexed; pyrenes 2 or 3. 2n = 51, 68.

Flowering Apr; fruiting Sep–Oct. Thickets, successional fields, brush; 0–900 m; Ont., Que.; Conn., Ill., Ind., Mass., Mich., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Crataegus dodgei ranges from Wisconsin and northern Illinois through the southern Great Lakes to Connecticut, and south to West Virginia and the North Carolina Blue Ridge. The southern limits are poorly understood.

Crataegus dodgei is unusually variable in leaf shape, and also variable in plant size, thorn length, and bracteole glandularity. The typical form resembles a ten-stamen C. margarettae, though often with larger and more veiny leaves. It occurs throughout the range of C. dodgei and is usually easily recognizable. An opposite tendency is found in the C. flavida form, which is also common but where the plants are smaller with usually finer thorns and particularly small, usually acutely lobed leaves. Rather scarce forms with larger, proportionately broad, often suborbiculate leaves and obtuse lobes represent the C. delosii form. Still other variants are known.


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