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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Crataegus

29. Crataegus florifera Sargent, Ontario Nat. Sci. Bull. 4: 14. 1908.

Crataegus celsa Sargent

Shrubs or trees, 70 dm. Stems: twigs: new growth ± reddish young, soon glabrescent, 1-year old glossy red-brown, 2-years old duller, older dull gray; thorns on twigs at 1-year old shiny, black, stout to ± slender, 4–6 cm. Leaves: petiole length 30–70% blade, slightly pubescent young, glabrescent, eglandular; blade suborbiculate or broadly ovate to obovate, 4–7 cm, base narrowly to broadly cuneate or rounded, lobes 3 or 4 per side, ˂obscure to well-marked˃, margins serrulate, veins 5 or 6 per side, apex acute, abaxial surface sparsely hairy, densely pubescent along veins, adaxial pubescent (late persistent). Inflorescences 6–10-flowered; branches villous; ˂bracteoles: anthesis late mid season˃. Flowers 17–20 mm diam.; hypanthium sparsely pilose; sepals narrowly triangular, margins glandular-serrate; stamens 20, anthers rose to dark red; styles 2–4. Pomes deep red, suborbicular, 8–13 mm diam., glabrous; sepals erose or reflexed; pyrenes 2–4, sides plane to erose. 2n = 68.

Flowering May; fruiting Sep–Oct. Successional fields, pastures with woody invaders, fencerows; 100–300 m; Ont.; N.Y.

Crataegus florifera is frequent in western southern Ontario.

There appear to be two main entities here: typical florifera (= Crataegus celsa), plausibly of hybrid origin between C. punctata and C. succulenta (E. J. Palmer 1952), with narrower, somewhat obovate leaves and petiole length 30–40% blade, and a sylvestris type, named for the later homonym C. sylvestris Sargent, with much broader leaves and petiole length often 50–70% blade.


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