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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Crataegus

122. Crataegus ignava Beadle, Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 31. 1901.

Crataegus alleghaniensis Beadle var. ignava (Beadle) Lance

Shrubs, 20–40(–50) dm. Stems: twigs ± flexuous, new growth ˂reddish green˃, glabrous, 1-year old tan to shiny chestnut, older ± dark gray, often reddish tinged; thorns on twigs ˂± numerous˃, straight, 1–2-years old black, ± fine, 2–3 cm (3–5 cm at 2-years old). Leaves: petiole length 30–40% blade, glabrous, sessile-glandular, ˂glands black˃; blade ± ovate or ovate-rhombic, 2.5–3.5 cm, coriaceous, base broadly cuneate or ± rounded, lobes 2 or 3 per side, sinuses moderately deep, lobe apex acute, margins obscurely crenate-serrate, teeth gland-dotted, veins 4 or 5 per side, apex acute, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial sparsely pilose young, soon glabrescent. Inflorescences 2–5-flowered; branches glabrous; bracteoles mainly persistent through petal-fall, ˂numerous˃, linear, ˂herbaceous to membranous˃, margins usually stipitate-glandular. Flowers 15 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrous; sepals narrowly triangular, ˂6 mm˃, margins glandular-serrate, ˂abaxially glabrous˃; stamens 20, anthers pale pink, sometimes pale purple; styles 3–5. Pomes orange-red, suborbicular, 10–17 mm diam., glabrous; sepals spreading-recurved; pyrenes 3–5.

Flowering Apr; fruiting Sep–Oct. Brush, rocky hills; 50–200 m; Ala., Ga.

Crataegus ignava is locally common in east-central Alabama and north-central and central Georgia; it is one of the more distinct species in the series with its often rhombic-ovate, quite deeply lobed leaves and large orange-red fruit.


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