1a. Fragaria vesca Linnaeus subsp. vesca
Fraisier des bois
Leaves bright green; terminal leaflet blade ovate or obovate to slightly rhombic, length/width 1.1–1.6, teeth: relative number 0.2–0.5, relative size 2–3.9, terminal tooth longer than adjacent teeth. Flowers bisexual, 13.2–20.5 mm diam.; hypanthium 11.2–17 mm diam.; petals white, ˂widely depressed˃, obovate to nearly orbiculate, margins overlapping or distinct, sometimes distally crenate. Achenes superficial or in shallow pits; bractlets and sepals spreading to reflexed; torus carmine to wine red, shiny, globose or subglobose (often slightly oblate or conic), easily separating from hypanthium. 2n = 14.
Flowering spring. Open forests, edges of woods, thickets, meadows; 50–1000 m; introduced; Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Ont., Que.; Conn., Maine, Mass., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., Vt., Va., W.Va.; Eurasia; introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, South America, Pacific Islands (Hawaii).
Subspecies vesca is occasionally naturalized in North America.