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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Fragaria

2a. Fragaria virginiana Miller subsp. virginiana

Scarlet or Virginia strawberry, fraisier des champs

Fragaria australis (Rydberg) Rydberg; F. virginiana var. australis Rydberg; F. virginiana var. canadensis Farwell

Stolons spreading-hairy proximally, sometimes ascending-hairy or glabrous distally. Leaves: petiole spreading-hairy; leaflet blade usually dark green to slightly bluish green, sometimes bright green, not glaucous, terminal leaflets oblong-ovate or slightly rhombic, not leathery, margins sharply serrate in distal 1/2 to throughout, teeth: relative number 0.2–0.8. Peduncles usually ± spreading-hairy proximally, appressed ascending-hairy or glabrous distally. Pedicels appressed-hairy or glabrous. Flowers 12.1–19.5 mm diam. (pistillate), 15.2–23.6 mm diam. (bisexual or staminate). Fruits: bractlets clasping, spreading, or ± reflexed. 2n = 56.

Flowering spring. Moist to dry sites, open forests, forest edges, hedges, fields, roadsides, railroad embankments, abandoned fields, often ruderal; 0–1000 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Man., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.


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