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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Viburnaceae

4. Adoxa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 367. 1753.

五福花属 wu fu hua shu

Authors: Deyuan Hong & David E. Boufford

Adoxa xizangensis

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Moscatella Adanson; Moschatellina Miller; Tetradoxa C. Y. Wu.

Herbs, perennial. Rhizomes creeping, filiform, terminated by a tuber; tuber white, giving rise to following year’s plant. Stems 1 or 2, glabrous. Basal leaves 1-3, ternate to biternate; cauline leaves 2, opposite, rarely alternate; all leaves petiolate, 3-cleft or compound. Inflorescences cymes, terminal, in headlike clusters, or racemelike. Flowers yellowish green, sessile, 4- or 5-merous. Calyx shallowly cup-shaped; lobes of terminal flower 2, lobes of lateral flowers 3. Corolla rotate; tube short; lobes 3-6 in terminal flower, 4-6 in lateral flowers, lobes papillate adaxially. Fertile stamens 4 or 5, inserted on corolla tube; filaments 2-fid to middle or to base; anthers 1-celled, peltate, extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; inner stamens reduced to glandular papillae. Ovary inferior to semi-inferior; carpels 4 or 5, locules 4 or 5; styles 4 or 5, connate at base; stigmas capitate. Fruit berrylike, fleshy. x = 9, 2n = 36, 54, 108.

Three or four species: circumpolar; three species (two endemic) in China.

1 Inflorescence racemelike; basal leaves simple, 3-cleft; cauline leaves simple, 3-cleft; flowers 3-5, corolla of lateral flowers 4-merous, corolla of terminal flower 5-merous; pedicels 5-10 mm; filaments 2-fid to middle.   1 A. omeiensis
+ Inflorescence a condensed capitate, several flowered cyme; basal leaves ternate or biternate; cauline leaves simple and 3-cleft or ternate; flowers 3-9, corolla of lateral flowers usually 5-merous, corolla of terminal flower 4-merous, subsessile or shortly pedicellate; filaments bifid to base   (2)
2 (1) Peduncle in flower and fruit straight, erect, ascending, or arching, held above leaves; corolla lobes broadly ovate to orbicular.   2 A. moschatellina
+ Peduncle in flower and fruit recurved or coiled, nearly always held below leaves; corolla lobes lanceolate to ovate.   3 A. xizangensis

Lower Taxa


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