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51. Aegopodium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 265. 1753.

羊角芹属 yang jiao qin shu

She Menglan (佘孟兰 Sheh Meng-lan); Mark F. Watson

Herbs, perennial, essentially glabrous. Stem erect, branching above or simple. Basal and lower leaves petiolate, sheaths broad, membranous; blade broadly triangular to triangular in outline, ternate or ternate-2–3-pinnate; ultimate segments ovate or ovate-lanceolate, serrate, dentate-divided or lobed. Upper leaves reduced, usually ternate-pinnate. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; peduncles longer than the leaves; bracts and bracteoles usually absent; rays ascending-spreading. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white or pinkish, obovate, apex with narrow inflexed lobule. Stylopodium conic; styles long, reflexed. Fruit oblong, oblong-ovoid or ovoid, slightly flattened laterally, glabrous; mericarp subrounded in cross section; ribs filiform, prominent to obscure; vittae inconspicuous. Seed face plane. Carpophore bifid at apex.

About seven species: Asia, Europe; five species (two endemic) in China.

Aegopodium anthriscoides (H. de Boissieu) H. de Boissieu (Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: 350. 1909; Carum anthriscoides H. de Boissieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53: 426. 1906) was described from Chongqing (“Tchen-Kéou” [Chengkou], P. G. Farges s.n., holotype, P). However, it is not treated in this account as it is imperfectly known.

1 Lower leaves ca. 23 cm, ternate-3–4-pinnate.   5 Aegopodium handelii
+ Lower leaves 3–15 cm, ternate-2-pinnate, rarely 3-pinnate.   (2)
2 (1) Petals with several purple-red nerves.   2 Aegopodium latifolium
+ Petals with single nerve.   (3)
3 (2) Ultimate leaf segments broad-ovate, doubly serrate.   3 Aegopodium tadshikorum
+ Ultimate leaf segments lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, irregularly serrate.   (4)
4 (3) Ultimate leaf segments lanceolate, apex long-acuminate to caudate.   4 Aegopodium henryi
+ Ultimate leaf segments ovate or ovate-lanceolate, apex acute to acuminate.   1 Aegopodium alpestre

Lower Taxa


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