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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Apocynaceae

37. Anodendron A. de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 443. 1844.

鳝藤属 shan teng shu

Formosia Pichon.

Lianas with white latex. Leaves opposite, lateral veins usually wrinkled above. Cymes paniculate, terminal or axillary. Flowers small. Calyx deeply divided, with basal glands inside. Corolla salverform; tube cylindric, slightly dilated at staminal insertion, throat constricted, faucal scales absent; lobes overlapping and twisted to right. Stamens included, inserted just below middle of corolla tube; filaments short; anthers sagittate, connivent, adherent to pistil head, cells spurred at base; disc ringlike or cup-shaped, apex truncate or shortly 5-lobed. Ovaries 2, distinct, slightly higher than disc; ovules numerous in each ovary. Style short; pistil head thick, base with a ringlike membrane. Follicles divaricate, thick, narrowly ovoid, apex acuminate. Seeds compressed, ovate or oblong; beak with a long apical coma.

About 16 species: India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; five species in China.

1 Lateral leaf blade veins ca. 30 pairs   5 Anodendron formicinum
+ Lateral leaf blade veins 6-16 pairs.   (2)
2 (1) Corolla tube 15-25 mm, lobes 15-25 mm; coma ca. 2 cm   1 Anodendron benthamianum
+ Corolla tube 1.5-4.5 mm, lobes 3-5.5 mm; coma 4-6 cm.   (3)
3 (2) Branchlets, midvein, and petiole pubescent when young; fruit pilose   2 Anodendron howii
+ Branchlets, midvein, and petiole glabrous; fruit glabrous.   (4)
4 (3) Leaves abaxially punctate with minute, sessile, brownish peltate glands; corolla tube shorter than lobes; follicles ca. 1 cm thick   3 Anodendron punctatum
+ Leaves not punctate; corolla tube as long as or longer than lobes; follicles 1.6-3 cm thick   4 Anodendron affine

Lower Taxa


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