All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 11 Page 34, 40 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11

5. Linaceae

亚麻科 ya ma ke

Authors: Quanru Liu & Lihua Zhou

Herbs or shrubs. Stipules small or absent. Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple; leaf blade margin entire. Inflorescences cymes or racemes. Flowers bisexual, regular. Sepals (4 or)5, distinct or basally connate, imbricate, persistent. Petals as many as and alternate with sepals, distinct or basally connate, convolute, basally often clawed, with 2-5 extrastaminal nectary glands or a disk. Stamens (4 or)5 or 10(or 15), in 1 whorl, alternate or opposite sepals, often some reduced to staminodes; filament bases connate into a tube. Ovary superior, with 2-5 carpels or seemingly 4-10-loculed by intrusion of a false septum, with 1 or 2 ovules per locule, placentation axile; styles as many as carpels, filiform, distinct or basally connate; stigmas subcapitate. Fruit usually a septicidal capsule or a drupe. Seeds with straight oily embryo and thin endosperm.

Fourteen genera and ca. 250 species: worldwide but mostly in temperate regions; four genera and 14 species (one introduced) in China.

Huang Chengchiu, Huang Baoxian & Xu Langran. 1998. Linaceae. In: Xu Langran & Huang Chengchiu, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 43(1): 93-108.


1 Shrubs or small trees   (2)
+ Herbs   (3)
       
2 (1) Petals yellow; ovary 6(-8)-loculed by intrusion of a false septa; styles 3(or 4); capsule splitting into 6(-8) mericarps.   1 Reinwardtia
+ Petals white; ovary 4- or 5-loculed; styles 4 or 5; capsule 4- or 5-valvate.   2 Tirpitzia
       
3 (1) Leaves sessile; leaf blade linear to lanceolate, 1- or 3-veined from base; petals usually blue, rarely white or yellow; styles 5; capsule with 10 1-seeded mericarps.   3 Linum
+ Leaves petiolate; leaf blade elliptic, ovate, or elliptic-lanceolate, pinnately veined; petals pink or rarely white; styles 3; capsule 1-seeded.   4 Anisadenia

Lower Taxa


 

Related Objects  
  • Linaceae.pdf
  • PDF

    A Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar  
  • Image gallery
  • Web Page
    Flora of Chile  
  • Family PDF
  • PDF

    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    Browse by
    Volume
    Family
    Genera
    Advanced Search


    Flora of China Home


    Checklist

     

     

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |