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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae

19. Cardiocrinum (Endlicher) Lindley, Veg. Kingd. 205. 1846.

大百合属 da bai he shu

Liang Songyun (梁松筠 Liang Song-jun); Minoru N. Tamura

Cardiocrinum giganteum
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Lilium [unranked] Cardiocrinum Endlicher, Gen. Pl. 141. 1836.

Herbs perennial, bulbiferous. Bulb formed by swollen base of usually deciduous basal leaves; bulbels several, ovoid, covered with tunics. Stem very tall, stout, glabrous. Leaves basal and cauline, petiolate, usually ovate-cordate, reticulate veined. Inflorescence a terminal raceme, several to many flowered; bracts persistent or caducous. Flowers bisexual, tubular-funnelform, large; pedicel rather short. Tepals 6, free, ± connivent. Stamens 6, inserted at base of tepals; filaments flat; anthers dorsifixed, versatile, narrowly ellipsoid. Ovary cylindric, 3-loculed; ovules many per locule. Style elongate; stigma slightly 3-lobed. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds reddish brown, flat, narrowly winged all round.

Three species: Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim; two species (one endemic) in China.

1 Raceme 10--16-flowered; bracts caducous   1 Cardiocrinum giganteum
+ Raceme 3--5-flowered; bracts persistent   2 Cardiocrinum cathayanum

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