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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae

21. Haematoxylum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 384. 1753.

采木属 cai mu shu

Authors: Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen & Supee Saksuwan Larsen

Trees or shrubs. Leaves abruptly pinnate or bipinnate by lower pinnae again divided; stipules spinescent, deciduous; stipels absent. Flowers yellow, small, in axillary, short, sparse racemes. Receptacle short. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes unequal. Stamens 10, free; filaments hairy at bases; anthers uniform, opening by lateral slits. Ovary shortly stalked, 2- or 3-ovuled; style filiform; stigma termi­nal, capitate. Legume compressed, oblong or lanceolate, membranous, splitting along middle of valves. Seeds transversely oblong, without endosperm; radicles straight.

About three species: S Africa, tropical regions of Central and North America including the West Indies and Mexico; cultivated in tropical Asia; one species (introduced) in China.

Lower Taxon


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