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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Meliaceae

10. Heynea Roxburgh, Bot. Mag. 41: t. 1738. 1815.

鹧鸪花属 zhe gu hua shu

Authors: Hua Peng & David J. Mabberley

Trees or shrubs. Branches glabrous or sometimes young branches yellow pubescent or glabrescent. Leaves in spirals, odd-pinnate; leaflets opposite; leaflet blades with margins entire. Thyrses axillary or subterminal, consisting of several cymes; peduncle long. Flowers bisexual, small. Calyx short, 4- or 5-lobed, lobes imbricate. Petals 4 or 5, elongated elliptic, much longer than sepals, distinct, imbricate in bud. Filament tube 8-10-parted; segments linear, tips 2-cleft; anthers 8-10, inserted between 2 lobes of filament tips. Disk annular, fleshy. Ovary glabrous or pubescent, 2- or 3-locular, with 2 collateral ovules per locule; style as long or slightly longer than ovary; stigma disciform or conic, tip 2- or 3-cleft. Fruit a capsule, 1-locular, glabrous or pubescent, dehiscing into 2 valves, with 1 or 2 seeds. Seeds with a white thin aril; endosperm absent; cotyledons thick, hemispheric.

Two species: tropical and subtropical Asia; two species in China.

Although Heynea has previously been included in Trichilia P. Browne, Trichilia is now considered to be genus of tropical Africa and America.

1 Trees 5-10 m tall; ovary and capsule glabrous, with 1 seed; leaflet blades glabrous on both surfaces or sometimes only abaxially covered with yellow pubescence.   1 H. trijuga
+ Shrubs 3-4 m tall; ovary and capsule yellow pubescent, with 1(or 2) seed(s); leaflet blades adaxially glabrous or only along midvein pubescent, abaxially yellow villous, densely so on midvein.   2 H. velutina

Lower Taxa


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