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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Caryophyllaceae

23. Lychnis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 436. 1753.

剪秋罗属 jian qiu luo shu

Lu Dequan; Magnus Lidén, Bengt Oxelman

Lychnis fulgens

Credit: Tatyana Shulkina

Coronaria Guettard; Hedona Loureiro.

Herbs biennial or perennial. Stems erect. Leaves lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, apex acute. Inflorescence a dichasium or flower solitary. Calyx tubular to narrowly funnel-shaped or narrowly campanulate, usually not inflated, 10-veined, with 5 teeth. Petals 5, long clawed, limb white, pink, or red, entire, bifid, 4-fid, or laciniate; coronal scales present. Androgynophore ± conspicuous, glabrous. Stamens 10. Ovary 1-loculed; ovules numerous; styles 5, opposite calyx teeth, their bases persistent in fruit. Capsule septicidally dehiscing with 5 teeth. Seeds numerous, reniform, minute, ± tuberculate.

About 25 species: temperate Africa, Asia, and Europe; six species in China.

Lychnis coronaria (Linnaeus) Desrousseaux is cultivated in China for its attractive flowers.

Recently, Greuter (in Taxon 44: 543–581. 1995) placed Lychnis into the synonymy of Silene . However, Oxelman et al. (in Nordic J. Bot. 20: 513–518. 2001) showed that it is possible to retain Lychnis and several other genera (e.g., Atocion ) as separate from Silene in a taxonomy that is consistent with both the ability to diagnose taxa and solid, molecular-phylogenetic hypotheses. Some species, traditionally included in Lychnis, belong in Silene .

1 Inflorescence a dense, corymblike dichasium   1 L. chalcedonica
+ Inflorescence not corymblike.   (2)
2 (1) Petal limb unlobed, apex dentate   5 L. coronata
+ Petal limb lobed, apex dentate or entire.   (3)
3 (2) Petal limb 2-lobed with lateral, subulate teeth, apex obtuse.   (4)
+ Petal limb with several acute, ± irregular lobes.   (5)
4 (3) Petal limb crimson-red, not overlapping, bracts and calyx densely villous   4 L. fulgens
+ Petal limb orange-red or reddish, obovate, overlapping, bracts and calyx laxly villous   3 L. cognata
5 (3) Androgynophore ca. 10 mm or more   6 L. senno
+ Androgynophore ca. 5 mm or less   2 L. wilfordii

Lower Taxa


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