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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae

22. Parkinsonia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 375. 1753.

扁轴木属 bian zhou mu shu

Authors: Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen & Supee Saksuwan Larsen

Shrubs or trees, prickly or not. Leaves abruptly bipinnate; rachis very flattened; pinnae usually 2-4, appearing congested at first sight; stipules small, scaly to spinescent; rachis of pinnae very long and flattened; leaflets reduced, inconspicuous, numerous, oppo­site or alternate, small. Racemes or cymes axillary; bracts caducous, small. Pedicels long, without bracteoles. Flowers bisexual. Re­ceptacle discoid. Sepals 5, slightly unequal, imbricate or subvalvate, membranous. Petals 5, spreading, slightly unequal, shortly clawed, uppermost broader and long clawed. Stamens 10, free, not exserted; filaments villous at bases; anthers ovoid, versatile, cells opening by lateral slits. Ovary shortly stalked, inserted at bottom of receptacle, glabrous to ± pubescent, many ovuled; style filiform, glabrous or pubescent; stigma truncate, ciliate or glabrous. Legume linear, torulose, not winged, indehiscent, thinly leathery. Seeds oblong; hilum small, near apex, with endosperm; cotyledons flat, fleshy; radicle straight.

About four species: mostly in dry regions of S Africa, tropical America, and Oceania; one species (introduced) in China.

Lower Taxon


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