56. Pogonia Jussieu, Gen. Pl. 65. 1789.
朱兰属 zhu lan shu
Authors: Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale & Phillip J. Cribb
Herbs, terrestrial. Rhizome ascending, cylindric, slender; roots fascicled, elongate, fibrous, slightly fleshy. Stem erect, slender, 1-leaved. Leaf elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, herbaceous to slightly fleshy, sheathing at base. Inflorescence terminal, slender, usually with a solitary flower, rarely 2- or 3-flowered; floral bract persistent, foliaceous. Flower resupinate, showy. Sepals free, similar, spreading. Petals free, usually deflexed over column, slightly wider and shorter than sepals; lip oblong-obovate, entire to shallowly 3-lobed above middle, not spurred, margin fimbriate; disk densely papillose. Column slender, dilated at apex; clinandrium erose at margin; anther terminal, incumbent; pollinia 2, granular-farinaceous, without caudicles or viscidia; stigma surface large; rostellum short, broad, protruding above stigma. Capsule erect.
Four species: three species in E Asia and one in North America; three species (one endemic) in China.