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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Polemoniaceae

1. Polemonium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 162. 1753.

花荵属 hua ren shu

Herbs perennial, rarely annual. Stems usually from horizontal rhizomes, erect to decumbent, simple. Leaves cauline, alternate, also often in basal rosettes; leaf blade usually oblong, pinnately lobed, divided, or compound, glabrous to glandular-pubescent, often with a mephitic odor. Inflorescences paniculate, rarely capitate. Calyx campanulate, herbaceous throughout, papery in fruit. Corolla pink, violet, or blue, rarely white or yellow, actinomorphic, campanulate to funnelform. Stamens epipetalous at same level, included or exserted; filaments equal, basally puberulent. Ovary 3-locular. Stigma lobes 3, spreading. Capsule ovoid, rarely globose. Seeds brown to black, usually angular, 1-12 per locule.

Twenty species: temperate Asia, Europe, North America, South America (1 species); three species in China.

1 Stamens shorter than corolla (2/3-3/4 as long as corolla); corolla lobes narrowly elliptic, apex acute .   3 Polemonium sumushanense
+ Stamens ca. as long as or longer than corolla; corolla lobes obovate, apex rounded to ± acute.   (2)
2 (1) Calyx 5-8 mm, lobes oblong to narrowly ovate or lanceolate, ca. as long as tube; corolla 1-2 cm, lobe margin glabrous to sparsely ciliate .   1 Polemonium caeruleum
+ Calyx 2-3(-5) mm, lobes deltoid, shorter than tube; corolla 0.8-1.2(-1.7) cm, lobe margin ciliate .   2 Polemonium chinense

Lower Taxa


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