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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Nyssaceae | Nyssa

1. Nyssa javanica (Blume) Wangerin in Engler, Pflanzenr. 41(IV. 220a): 15. 1910.

华南蓝果树 hua nan lan guo shu

Agathisanthes javanica Blume, Bijdr. 645. 1826; Ceratostachys arborea Blume; Daphniphyllopsis capitata Kurz; Ilex daphniphylloides Kurz; Nyssa arborea (Blume) Koorders; N. bifida Craib; N. sessiliflora J. D. Hooker & Thomson.

Trees deciduous, to 30 m high. Current year twigs densely tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves often crowded near ends of branches; petioles 1.5-3.5 cm, flattened; leaf blade oblanceolate or oblong-obovate, 10-15(-23) × 3-5 cm, leathery, tomentose when young, late glabrescent except at veins abaxially, midvein and secondary veins 8-15 pairs conspicuous adaxially, base slightly cuneate or acute, margin entire, apex acute. Flowers in ± globose axillary heads; peduncle 1-3.5 cm. Calyx campanulate, outside densely hairy; lobes triangular, 4-5 × 1-1.5 mm. Petals 4 or 5, yellowish or greenish, ovate to obovate, 3-5 × 1.5-3 mm, both surfaces tomentose. Male heads 20-40-flowered; pedicels 1-4 mm, slender, pubescent. Stamens 8-10, in 2 series, outer ones ca. 4 mm, inner ones ca. 2 cm. Female heads with 3-8(-15) sessile flowers; peduncle similar to male ones; staminodes 8-10. Styles 1.5-2 mm, 2-lobed at top. Drupe purple, ellipsoid, 1.4-2.6 cm, 1.2-1.5 mm in diam. Seeds flattened, on one side with 5 lengthwise grooves, other side with few tubercles on upper half. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Oct.

Evergreen forests; 100-2500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam].


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