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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 15 | Myrsinaceae | Myrsine

4. Myrsine africana Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 196. 1753.

铁仔 tie zai

Myrsine africana

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Myrsine africana var. acuminata C. Y. Wu & C. Chen; M. africana var. bifaria (Wallich) Franchet; M. africana var. glandulosa J. M. Zhang; M. africana var. retusa A. de Candolle; M. bifaria Wallich; M. microphylla Hayata; M. potama D. Don; M. vaccinifolia Hayata; Rhamnus myrtillus H. Léveillé.

Shrubs 50-100 cm tall. Branchlets terete, 0.5-2 mm in diam., reddish glandular granulose and puberulent, with capitate trichomes, often glabrescent. Petiole marginate, 1-2.5 mm, strongly decurrent; leaf blade obovate, to orbicular, 1-5 × 0.7-1.6 cm, papery or leathery, glabrous, minutely punctate abaxially, base cuneate, margin serrate, apex obtuse, to rounded; lateral veins inconspicuous, marginal vein absent. Inflorescences axillary, subumbellate or fascicled; basal scales in 1 series. Flowers yellowish white, 2-2.5 mm, 4-merous. Pedicel 0.5-1.5 mm, glabrous or glandular puberulent. Calyx lobes spreading, nearly free, broadly ovate to elliptic, 0.3-0.5 mm, flat, glabrous, margin entire, ciliate, apex acute to obtuse. Corolla 0.8-1 mm, united to at least 1/2 length, glabrous outside, puberulent inside; lobes lanceolate, 0.8-1 mm, densely punctate, margin entire, glandular granuose, apex obtuse to acute. Stamens longer than petals; filaments united basally into a tube adnate to corolla tube, puberulent in staminate flowers. Pistil globose. Style short; stigma discoid, margin lobed. Fruit red or purple-black, globose, ca. 5 mm in diam., smooth. Fl. Feb-Jun, fr. Nov-Jan.

Sparse mixed forests, open mountain slopes, sunny dry places, scrub, fields, roadsides; 1000-3600 m. Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan [India; Azores, Africa, SW Asia].


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