All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 17 Page 87 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Lamiaceae | Scutellaria

33. Scutellaria indica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 600. 1753.

韩信草 han xin cao

Shrubs perennial. Stems dark purple, 1 to few, 8-28 cm tall, ascending-erect, ca. 1-1.2 mm in diam., hairy especially on angles and apex. Petiole 0.4-1.4(-2.8) cm; leaf blade 0.8-2.6(-3) × 0.8-2.3 cm, base truncate to cuneate, margin crenate, apex rounded to acute. Racemes terminal, 2-8(-12) cm; bracts sessile, 3-6 × 1-2.5 mm, margin entire, basal ones leaflike, ovate, to 1.7 cm, puberulent, margin crenate. Pedicel 2.5-3 mm, puberulent. Calyx ca. 2.5 mm, hirsute, puberulent; scutellum ca. 1.5 mm, erect, dilated to 3 mm in fruit. Corolla blue-purple, 1-1.8 cm, sparsely puberulent outside, pubescent on lips inside, to ca. 4.5 mm wide at throat; middle lobe of lower lip dark purple spotted, circular-ovate, slightly constricted at middle, apex emarginate; lateral lobes ovate. Nutlets chestnut to dark brown, ovoid, ca. 1 × less than 1 mm, tuberculate, tubercles acuminate with a minute apical whorl of hooks, adaxially umbonate near base. Fl. and fr. Feb-Jun.

Hillsides, grasslands, open rocky areas, roadsides, sparse forests; 0-1500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]

1 Stems, petioles, and leaves densely white pilose   33d var. elliptica
+ Stems, petioles, and leaves puberulent or strigose.   (2)
2 (1) Internodes short; leaves crowded apically, circular-ovate to triangular-ovate; inflorescences 2-3.5(-6) cm   33c var. subacaulis
+ Internodes elongated; leaves cordate-ovate to elliptic; inflorescences 4-8(-12) cm.   (3)
3 (2) Leaves cordate-ovate to elliptic, 1.5-2.6(-3) × 1.2-2.3 cm; corolla 1.4-1.8 cm   33a var. indica
+ Leaves cordate-ovate to ovate, 0.8-1.5 × 0.8-1 cm; corolla 1-1.5 cm   33b var. parvifolia

Lower Taxa


Flora of China @
Browse by
Advanced Search

Flora of China Home




 |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |