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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Campanulaceae | Codonopsis

2. Codonopsis ussuriensis (Ruprecht & Maximowicz) Hems­ley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 6. 1889.

雀斑党参 que ban dang shen

Glosocomia ussuriensis Ruprecht & Maximowicz, Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 15: 223. 1857; Codonopsis lanceolata (Siebold & Zuccarini) Trautvetter var. ussuriensis (Ruprecht & Maximowicz) Trautvetter; G. lanceolata (Siebold & Zuccarini) Maximowicz var. ussuriensis (Ruprecht & Maximowicz) Regel.

Plants glabrous throughout, or stems and leaves sparsely villous. Roots gray-yellow, tuberous or oblong, 1-3 cm in diam. Stems twining, green, white, or dark-purple, slender, glabrous or internodes sparsely villous. Leaves on main stems alternate, lanceolate or ovate, smaller, those on top of branches usually 3-5-fascicled, pseudoverticillate; petiole short; blade abaxially gray-green, adaxially green, elliptic, lanceolate, or oblong, 2-6 × 1-2.5 cm, abaxially glabrous or sparsely villous, adaxially glabrous, base attenuate, margin entire, occasionally revolute, apex acute or obtuse. Flowers solitary, terminal on slender branches; pedicels 2-5 cm; bracts single, small, lanceolate or narrowly ovate. Calyx tube adnate to ovary up to its middle, semiglobose; lobes narrowly lanceolate or ovate-deltoid, 10-20 × 6-8 mm, margin entire, apex acute. Corolla campanulate, 2-3 × 1.5-2.5 cm, shallowly lobed; lobes dark purple, deltoid, inside with remarkable black-purple stripes or black spots. Filaments 3-5 mm, slightly dilated at base; anthers 2-4 mm. Capsules hemispherical at base, rostrate toward apex, ca. 15 mm. Seeds numerous, dark brown, lucid, ovoid, wingless. Fl. Jul-Aug. 2n = 16.

Ravines, moist meadows, mostly in sandy soil; ca. 800 m. E Heilongjiang, E Jilin [Japan, Korea, Russia (Far East)].


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