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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Centaurea

6. Centaurea diffusa Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 675. 1785.

铺散矢车菊 pu san shi che ju

Herbs 15-50 cm tall, biennial. Stems erect or diffuse, branched from base; stem and branches densely strigose and sparsely arachnoid. Leaves adaxially scabrous. Basal and lower stem leaves petiolate; leaf blade bipinnatisect. Middle stem leaves sessile. Upper leaves sessile, linear, margin entire. Capitula numerous, paniculate at end of stem and branches. Involucre ovoid-cylindric to cylindric, 3-5 mm in diam. Phyllaries in 5 or 6 rows; outer and middle phyllaries lanceolate to elliptic, 3-7 × ca. 1.5 mm; appendage of outer and middle phyllaries straw-colored, with 1-5 pectinately arranged spines on each side ending in a 2-4 mm arcuate-patent spine; inner phyllaries linear, ca. 8 × 1 mm; appendage of inner phyllaries scarious. Sterile florets few, as long as bisexual ones, not radiant; bisexual florets ca. 12. Corolla white. Achene dark brown with paler stripes, narrowly ovoid, ca. 2 mm, sparsely pilose, apex with a minute inconspicuous smooth apical rim. Pappus absent. Fl. and fr. Sep. 2n = 18, 36.

Collected from Liaoning (Lüshun) but of unknown status as to being cultivated, escaped, or naturalized [native to SW Asia and Europe].


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