1. Hieracium umbellatum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 804. 1753.
山柳菊 shan liu ju
Hieracium coronopifolium Bernhardi ex Hornemann; H. sinense Vaniot; H. umbellatum subsp. coronopifolium (Bernhardi ex Hornemann) Fries; H. umbellatum var. coronopifolium (Bernhardi ex Hornemann) Komarov; H. umbellatum var. mongolicum Fries; H. umbellatum f. scabrum Komarov.
Herbs, perennial, 30-100 cm tall. Stem solitary to few fascicled, basally pale purple, branched apically, glabrous, scabrid, or very sparsely and minutely echinulate and with white minutely stellate hairs, rarely with long simple hairs, under capitula with minute stellate and somewhat rigid short simple hairs. Basal and lower stem leaves absent at anthesis. Middle and upper stem leaves sessile, lanceolate, 3-10 × 0.4-2 cm, glabrous or abaxially hispidulous on veins and adaxially with sparse arachnoid hairs, base narrowly cuneate, margin entire, subentire, or with sparse and sharp teeth, apex acute to shortly acuminate. Upper stem leaves similar to middle stem leaves but gradually smaller. Synflorescence corymbiform to corymbosely paniculiform, with few to numerous capitula or rarely with solitary capitulum. Involucre dark green, campanulate, ca. 1.5 cm in diam. Phyllaries in several [to many] rows, abaxially rarely with capitate stipitate glandular hairs on midvein, abaxially glabrous, base sometimes with minute stellate hairs, apex acute; outermost and outer phyllaries lanceolate, 3.5-4.5 × 0.8-1.2 mm; innermost phyllaries ± linear-lanceolate, 8-10 × ca. 1 mm. Florets yellow. Achene dark purple, cylindric, ca. 3 mm, with 10 ribs. Pappus pale yellow, ca. 6 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 18, 27.
Forest margins, forests, dense grassy areas, sandy soils on floodplains, clear-cuttings; (200-)1000-3000(-3300) m. Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Uzbekistan; SW Asia, Europe, North America].