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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 22 | Poaceae | Brachiaria

2. Brachiaria eruciformis (Smith) Grisebach, Fl. Ross. 4: 469. 1853.

臂形草 bi xing cao

Panicum eruciforme Smith in Sibthorp & Smith, Fl. Graeca 1: 44, t. 59. 1806; Brachiaria isachne (Roth ex Roemer & Schultes) Stapf; Echinochloa eruciformis (Smith) Koch; Moorochloa eruciformis (Smith) Veldkamp; P. caucasicum Trinius; P. isachne Roth ex Roemer & Schultes.

Annual. Culms loosely tufted, slender, much branched, geniculately ascending, 30–40 cm tall, nodes softly hairy. Leaf sheaths glabrous or loosely tuberculate-hairy; leaf blades linear-lanceolate, 1.5–10.5 × 0.3–0.6 cm, glabrous or pilose; ligule ciliate. Inflorescence axis 3–6 cm; racemes 4–10, 1–3 cm, erect or narrowly ascending; rachis narrow, triquetrous, ciliate or scabrous; spikelets single, in 2 rows, overlapping. Spikelets elliptic, 1.8–3 mm, pilose, subacute; lower glume 0.2–0.3 mm, membranous, glabrous; upper glume and lower lemma as long as spikelet, 5-veined; upper floret readily deciduous, oblong, ca. 1.5 mm, thinly crustaceous, smooth, glossy, apex obtuse. Fl. and fr. summer–autumn. 2n = 18.

Open and disturbed situations on hill slopes and in dry fields as an arable weed. Fujian, Guizhou, Yunnan [India, Malaysia, Thailand; N Africa, Mediterranean region].

This is the only species of Brachiaria occurring in China with a fertile floret which is shed from the mature spikelet. The fertile floret is also distinctive due to its smooth, glossy texture and obtuse apex.

This species and two close relatives in Africa have been placed in the separate genus Moorochloa Veldkamp.


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