2. Catabrosa aquatica (Linnaeus) P. Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 97. 1812.
沿沟草 yan gou cao
Perennial, rhizomatous; rhizome stout, creeping. Culms erect, succulent, 20–70 cm tall, unbranched. Leaf sheaths closed up to middle, upper shorter than internodes; leaf blades equally wide throughout, soft, 5–20 cm × 2–8 mm, apex boat-shaped; ligule 2–5 mm, obtuse. Panicle open or loosely contracted at anthesis, ovate to oblong in outline, 10–30 × 4–12 cm; branches whorled, slender, usually obliquely ascending, up to 10 cm, often bare of spikelets in lower part. Spikelets with (1–)2(–3) florets, 2–4(–5.8) mm; glumes obtuse or subtruncate; lower glume ovate to suborbicular, 0.5–1.2(–2) mm; upper glume broadly elliptic, 1–2(–3) mm; lemma 1.5–3 mm, green becoming brown at maturity, usually glabrous, apex truncate. Anthers 1–2 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Aug. 2n = 20.
Slow-moving, shallow water of river and streamsides, muddy pond margins, ditches; 800–4000 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [Afghanistan, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan; SW Asia, Europe, North America].
Catabrosa aquatica is a widespread, polymorphic species of aquatic and marshy habitats, and extreme forms are sometimes accorded separate status, either at specific or infraspecific rank.
This species provides good forage.