All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 24 Page 218 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae | Maianthemum

1. Maianthemum bifolium (Linnaeus) F. W. Schmidt, Fl. Boem. Cent. 4: 55. 1794.

舞鹤草 wu he cao

Convallaria bifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 316. 1753; Smilacina bifolia (Linnaeus) Desfontaines.

Plants 8--20(--25) cm tall. Rhizome sometimes forked, to 20 cm × 1--2 mm. Stem sometimes scattered papillose-pubescent. Basal leaf withered at anthesis; petiole to 10 cm. Cauline leaves usually 2, borne distally to apically on stem; petiole 1--2 cm, often papillose-pubescent; leaf blade deltoid-ovate, 3--8(--10) × 1--5(--9) cm, abaxial veins puberulent, base cordate, margin minutely denticulate-papillose or puberulent. Raceme erect, 3--5 cm, 10--25-flowered; rachis papillose-pubescent; bracts minute. Flowers solitary or paired; pedicel ca. 5 mm, slender, articulate apically. Perianth white; segments oblong, 2--2.5 × 1.5--1.8 mm. Stamens 1.6--2.1 mm. Style ca. 1 mm. Berries red at maturity, 3--6 mm in diam. Seeds with yellow testa. Fl. May--Jul, fr. Aug--Sep. 2 n = 28, 30, 36, 42, 54, 88.

Forests, thickets, moist places, hillsides along streams; 500--2700 m. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, N Xinjiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia; Europe, North America].

Maianthemum dilatatum (A. W. Wood) A. Nelson & J. F. Macbride (Bot. Gaz. 61: 30. 1916), from Japan, Mongolia, E Russia, and NW North America, probably occurs in China. In Russia and Japan, M. dilatatum is sympatric with M. bifolium and, in Japan, there occur intermediate forms which may have derived from hybridization between the two species (Kawano, pers. obs.). Such plants in the Russian Far East have been called M. intermedium Voroschilov (Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 38, 50. 1960) and may also occur in China.


Related Objects  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |