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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Cymbidium

39. Cymbidium goeringii (H. G. Reichenbach) H. G. Reichenbach, Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 547. 1852.

春兰 chun lan

Maxillaria goeringii H. G. Reichenbach, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 3: 334. 1845; Cymbidium formosanum Hayata; C. formosanum f. albiflorum S. S. Ying; C. forrestii Rolfe; C. goeringii f. albiflorum (S. S. Ying) S. S. Ying; C. goeringii var. formosanum (Hayata) S. S. Ying; C. goeringii var. papyriflorum Y. S. Wu; C. pseudovirens Schlechter; C. tentyozanense Masamune; C. uniflorum T. K. Yen (1964), not L. J. Chen, L. Q. Li & Z. J. Liu (2007); C. virens H. G. Reichenbach; C. virescens Lindley; C. yunnanense Schlechter.

Plants terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ovoid, small, 1-2.5 × 1-1.5 cm, enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves 4-7, lorate, 20-40(-60) × 0.5-0.9 cm, articulate toward base, margin usually slightly serrate. Inflorescence arising from near base of pseudobulb, erect, usually 2-5 cm, shorter than leaves; rachis usually 1-flowered; floral bracts 40-50 × 7-10 mm, exceeding ovary, loosely embracing ovary. Flowers scented, variable in color, usually yellowish green with purplish brown venation, sometimes olive-green, membranous; pedicel and ovary 20-40 mm. Sepals suboblong to oblong-obovate, 25-40 × 8-12 mm, apex obtuse to acute. Petals spreading forward or loosely embracing column, obovate-elliptic to oblong-ovate, 17-30 × 8-12 mm; lip subovate, 14-28 mm, obscurely 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, not fused to basal margins of column; mid-lobe strongly recurved, broadly ovate, 7-10 × 7-10 mm, margin slightly undulate; disk minutely papillate, with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip to base of mid-lobe; lamellae convergent in apical half and forming a short tube. Column 12-18 mm, broadly winged; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs.

Rocky slopes, forest margins, open places in forests; 300-2200(-3000) m. Anhui, N Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, NW India, Japan, Korea].


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