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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Asclepiadaceae | Cynanchum

30. Cynanchum boudieri H. Léveillé & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France. 51: 144. 1904.

折冠牛皮消 zhe guan niu pi xiao

Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight var. amamianum (Hatusima) T. Yamazaki; C. ampibolum C. K. Schneider; C. taiwanianum T. Yamazaki; C. wilfordii var. amamianum Hatusima.

Roots tuberous, 10-50 × 1-4 cm. Stems twining to 5 m, puberulent. Leaves opposite; petiole ca. 5 cm, with adaxial glands; leaf blade broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, 4- >18 × 4-11.5(-17) cm, membranous, adaxially puberulent, base cordate, basal lobes mostly recurved, sometimes incurved, rarely overlapping, apex short acuminate; lateral veins 5 or 6 pairs. Inflorescences racemelike, to 30-flowered; peduncle 6-10 cm. Pedicel ca. 1.5 cm, puberulent. Sepals ovate-oblong, ciliate, pubescent. Corolla white, to 1 cm; tube short; lobes oblong, (3-)3.5-6 × 1.5-1.7 mm, strongly reflexed after anthesis, pilose inside. Corona very deeply 5-lobed; lobes elliptic, fleshy, obtuse, up to 2 × as high as gynostegium, with narrowly triangular adaxial appendages; pollinia oblong. Stigma head conical, apex 2-cleft. Follicles lanceolate in outline, 8-11 cm × 8-10 mm, with 2 longitudinal ridges. Seeds ovate-elliptic. Fl. Jun-Sep, fr. Jul-Dec.

Forest edges, thickets, riversides; 300-3500 m. Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan (Ryukyu Islands)]

Root tubers are used medicinally for the treatment of infantile malnutrition caused by intestinal parasites, gastric and duodenal ulcer, nephritis, and neurasthenia.


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