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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Bignoniaceae | Markhamia

1. Markhamia stipulata (Wallich) Seemann ex K. Schumann in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 242. 1895.

西南猫尾木 xi nan mao wei mu

Trees 5-15 m tall. Young branches, leaves, and peduncles yellow-brown pubescent to tomentose. Leaves 30-55 cm; leaflets 4-8 pairs, long elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 12-23 X 4-9 cm, base broadly cuneate to subrounded, sometimes oblique, margin entire to serrulate, apex acute to acuminate; lateral veins 8 or 9 on each side of midrib; petiolules 1-4 mm or leaflets subsessile. Inflorescences terminal racemes, rusty yellow pubescent, 4-10-flowered. Flowers 10-14 cm in diam. Pedicel 2-6 cm. Calyx ca. 5.5 X 4 cm, brown-yellow tomentose to floccose. Corolla yellow to dirty yellow, ca. 10 cm; tube red-brown or purple on lower part, 1.5-2 cm in diam. at base; mouth 10-15 cm in diam.; lobes irregularly wrinkled. Stamens and style included. Capsule linear, compressed, 30-70 X 2-3 cm. Seeds long ellipsoid, including wing 3-5 X 1-1.3 cm. Fl. Sep-Dec, fr. Jan-Apr.

Sparse forests, humid places; 300-1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

1 Calyx and capsule floccose   1a var. stipulata
+ Calyx and capsule sparsely to densely lanate-woolly   1b var. kerrii

Lower Taxa


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