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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae | Flemingia

3. Flemingia strobilifera (Linnaeus) R. Brown in W. T. Aiton, Hort. Kew., ed. 2. 4: 349. 1812.

球穗千斤拔 qiu sui qian jin ba

Hedysarum strobiliferum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1053. 1753; Flemingia bracteata (Roxburgh) Wight; F. fruticulosa Wallich ex Bentham; F. strobilifera var. bracteata (Roxburgh) Baker; F. strobilifera var. fruticulosa (Wallich ex Bentham) Baker; H. bracteatum Roxburgh; Maughania bracteata (Roxburgh) H. L. Li; M. fruticulosa (Wallich ex Bentham) Mukerjee; M. stro­bilifera (Linnaeus) J. Saint-Hilaire ex Kuntze; Zornia strobili­fera (Linnaeus) Persoon.

Shrubs, erect or almost climbing, 0.3-3 m tall. Branchlets ribbed, densely gray to dull brown villous. Leaves simple; stip­ules linear-lanceolate, 0.8-1.8 cm, persistent or deciduous; peti­ole usually 0.5-1.5 cm, densely hairy; leaf blade ovate, nar­rowly ovate, ovate-elliptic, broadly elliptic, or oblong, 6-15 × 3-7 cm, thinly leathery, glabrous or almost glabrous except for veins, lateral veins 5-9 pairs, base rounded, slightly cordate, apex acuminate, obtuse, or acute. Inflorescence a thyrse, some­times branched; inflorescence axis 5-11 cm, densely dun vil­lous; cymules each enclosed by concave bract; bracts 1.2-3 × 2-4.4 cm, papery to almost leathery, both surfaces long hirsute, margin ciliate, apex truncate or rounded, slightly emarginate and with slender mucro. Flowers small; pedicel 1.5-3 mm. Calyx pubescent; lobes ovate, slightly longer than tube. Corolla longer than calyx; standard broadly orbicular; wings narrower than keels. Legume elliptic, 6-10 × 4-5 mm, sparsely pubes­cent, inflated. Seeds 2, usually dark brown, suborbicular. Fl. Feb-Aug, fr. Apr-Nov. 2n = 22.

Mountain slopes; 200-1600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].

Flemingia strobilifera is used medicinally.


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