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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Juncaceae | Juncus

61. Juncus longiflorus (A. Camus) Noltie, Edinburgh J. Bot. 51: 134. 1994.

德钦灯心草 de qin deng xin cao

Juncus sikkimensis J. D. Hooker var. longiflorus A. Camus in Lecomte, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 283. 1910; J. sikkimensis var. helvolus K. F. Wu.

Plants perennial, 10--25 cm tall. Rhizome creeping, densely branched, tufted. Stems densely clumped, terete, slightly compressed, striate. Cataphylls shortly aristate. Basal leaf 1, sometimes with remnants of old leaves; leaf sheath auricles obtuse, free part ca. 0.3 × 0.7 mm; leaf blade subterete to slightly compressed, 7--14 cm × 1--3 mm, sometimes septate, apex obtuse to subacute. Inflorescences seemingly pseudolateral; involucral bract leaflike, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5--3.5 cm, base black-brown; head usually solitary, 2--5(--7)-flowered. Perianth segments blackish brown to chestnut brown, lanceolate; outer segments 4.5--8 × 1.8--3 mm apex acuminate; inner segments slightly shorter than outer ones, margin broadly scarious, apex obtuse. Stamens 6; filaments 0.5--1.5 mm; anthers oblong, 2.2--4 mm. Style 2.5--3 mm; stigmas linear, 3--5.5 mm. Capsule chestnut brown at maturity, shiny, trigonous ovoid to trigonous ellipsoid, 4--5.9 mm, 3-septate, apex beaked; beak ca. 1 mm. Seeds oblong, 0.5--1 mm, both ends appendaged; appendages white, 0.8--1 mm. Fl. Jun--Oct, fr. Jul--Oct.

Wet grasslands; 3600--4000 m. ?Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan].


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