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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Aster

14. Aster pekinensis (Hance) F. H. Chen, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 5: 41. 1934.

全叶马兰 quan ye ma lan

Asteromoea pekinensis Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 15: 225. 1861; Aster franchetianus H. Léveillé; A. holophyllus Hemsley, nom. illeg. superfl.; A. integrifolius (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Franchet (1884), not Nuttall (1840); Asteromoea integrifolia (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Loesener; Boltonia integrifolia (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Bentham & J. D. Hooker; B. pekinensis (Hance) Hance; Kalimeris integrifolia Turczaninow ex Candolle.

Herbs, perennial, (10-)30-140 cm tall; roots erect, fusiform. Stems erect, solitary or several fascicled, hispidulous, fastigiately branched from middle part. Leaves gray-green, puberulent-tomentulose, midvein adaxially prominent; lower cauline leaves withered by anthesis; middle leaves dense, sessile, linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong, 2.5-4 × 0.4-0.6 cm, base gradually attenuate, margin revolute, entire, apex obtuse or acuminate, mucronate; upper leaves small, linear. Capitula in loose corymbiform synflorescences. Involucres hemispheric, ca. 4 × 7-8 mm; phyllaries 3-seriate, imbricate, abaxially densely hispidulous, densely glandular; outer phyllaries linear, ca. 1.5 mm; inner phyllaries oblong-lanceolate, ca. 4 mm, acute, leaflike distally. Ray florets 19-29, pale lilac to pale purple, tube ca. 1 mm, hairy, lamina (5.2-)6-13.5(-15) × ca. 2.5 mm; disk florets 2.1-3.4 mm, tube ca. 1 mm, hairy, lobes unequal. Achenes brownish, obovoid, compressed or sometimes trigonous, 1.8-2 × ca. 1.5 mm, apically puberulent and glandular, 2-4-ribbed. Pappus easily deciduous, brownish, fragile, 0.3-0.5 mm, unequal, sometimes absent. Fl. May-Oct, fr. Jul-Nov.

Forest margins, thickets, mountain slopes, riverbanks, roadsides; sea level to 1600 m. Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea, E Russia].


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