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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 22 | Poaceae | Cephalostachyum

6. Cephalostachyum virgatum (Munro) Kurz, Prelim. Rep. Forest Pegu. App. A: 137. 1875.

金毛空竹 jin mao kong zhu

Melocanna virgata Munro, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 133. 1868.

Culms erect, 12–15 m, 5–10 cm in diam.; internodes 50–88 cm, with white, appressed setae and powder, becoming smooth and glabrous; wall thin. Culm sheaths deciduous, triangular, 15–20 cm, thinly leathery to leathery, densely yellow hirsute, mouth truncate; auricles conspicuous; oral setae developed; ligule short, fimbriate; blade reflexed or erect, triangular, 10–12.5 cm, adaxially with appressed bristles. Leaf sheaths smooth; auricles inconspicuous; ligule short, fimbriate; blade oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 15–30 × 2–4.5 cm. Pseudospikelets glomerate at tips of leafy branches, 1.5–2 cm in diam., subtended by membranous bracts. Spikelets 1.25–1.5 cm, hispidulous; rachilla smooth. Glumes ovate, long mucronate or awned; lemma ca. 1 cm, hispidulous, apiculate. Palea slightly longer than lemma, nearly glabrous, weakly 2-keeled. Lodicules lanceolate, apex ciliate. Anthers narrow, apex obtuse. Ovary ovoid, glabrous; style robust; stigmas 2 or 3, purple, plumose. Fruit unknown.

Hills; 700–1000 m. Yunnan [India, Myanmar].


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