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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 22 | Poaceae | Dichanthium

2. Dichanthium caricosum (Linnaeus) A. Camus, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 27: 549. 1921.

单穗草 dan sui cao

Andropogon caricosus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 2: 1480. 1763.

Perennial, stoloniferous. Culms tufted at nodes of stolons, geniculately ascending, 30–60 cm tall, nodes glabrous or pubescent. Leaf sheaths compressed, keeled, shorter than internodes; leaf blades flat, 15–20 cm × 2.5–5 mm, glabrous or with a few hairs at base, margins smooth or scabrid, apex acuminate; ligule less than 1 mm, margin ciliate. Inflorescence terminal; peduncle glabrous; racemes (1–)2–4, 2.5–5 cm, with 1–3 pairs of homogamous spikelets. Sessile spikelet 3–3.5 mm; lower glume obovate-elliptic or obovate-oblong, papery, 8–12-veined, glabrous or often sparsely hirsute on lower back, slightly glossy, margins shortly ciliate, keels winged, apex rounded; upper glume ciliate above middle, apex obtuse; awn 1.5–2.5 cm, weakly geniculate. Caryopsis obovate-oblong. Pedicelled spikelet many-veined, resembling sessile. Fl. and fr. Oct–Mar. 2n = 20, 40.

Hill slopes, roadsides; 300–1000 m. Guizhou, Yunnan [India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand; introduced elsewhere].


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