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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Gastrochilus

16. Gastrochilus fuscopunctatus (Hayata) Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6(Suppl.): 78. 1917.

红斑盆距兰 hong ban pen ju lan

Saccolabium fuscopunctatum Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 2: 143. 1912.

Stems often pendulous, 3-7 cm, ca. 2 mm in diam. Leaves distichous, green, with dense purplish red spots; blade oblong or falcate-oblong, 1.5-2.2 × 0.3-0.5 cm, apex acute and slightly 3-lobed. Inflorescence subumbellate, often 1- or 2-flowered; peduncle 8-20 mm, base with 1 or 2 sheaths; floral bracts ovate-triangular, 1-2 mm, apex acute; pedicel and ovary ca. 7 mm. Sepals and petals yellowish green with brown spots; lip whitish, with a yellow and brown-spotted cushion on epichile. Dorsal sepal elliptic, ca. 4 × 2.3 mm, apex obtuse; lateral sepals obliquely ovate-oblong, 3-4 × ca. 2 mm, apex subacute. Petals subelliptic, ca. 3.2 × 2.2 mm, apex rounded; lip with an epichile and a saccate hypochile; epichile elliptic-orbicular, concave, ca. 2.5 × 2 mm, thickly fleshy, abaxially carinate, adaxially glabrous, with a central cushion, entire, obtuse at apex; hypochile cupular, ± laterally compressed, ca. 5 mm tall, ca. 3.2 mm in diam. Column very short, both sides with purplish red spots; anther cap narrowed into a beak. Fl. Jan-Jul.

● On tree trunks in dense forests; 1000-2500 m. Taiwan.


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