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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Viola

10a. Viola rupestris subsp. rupestris

石生堇菜(原亚种) shi sheng jin cai (yuan ya zhong)

Viola canina Linnaeus var. rupestris (F. W. Schmidt) Regel.

Plants 5-10 cm tall; blade orbicular or ovate-orbicular, 0.8-1.7 × 0.7-1.8 cm, both surfaces puberulous, with brown glandular dots when dry, base shallowly cordate, margin regularly crenate, apex obtuse; stipules of basal leaves usually sparsely arranged, lanceolate, fimbriate-dentate, those of cauline leaves free, ovate or broadly lanceolate, 3-5 × 1.5-2.5 mm, margin fimbriate-serrate or sparsely emarginate-serrate, teeth with brown glandular dots at apices, apex acuminate. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug. 2n = 20.

Mountain forests, grassy slopes, meadows in river valleys; 1300-2500(-4000) m. Xinjiang [Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, N Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan; SW Asia (Caucasus), Europe].


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