10. Rosa foetida Herrmann var. persiana (Lemaire) Rehder, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 24: 222. 1916.
重瓣异味蔷薇 chong ban yi wei qiang wei
Rosa lutea Miller var. persiana Lemaire, Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 4: t. 374. 1848.
Shrubs 1.5–3 m tall. Branchlets red-brown, slender, glabrous; prickles sparse, terete, straight, to 7 mm, abruptly flaring at base, sometimes intermixed with small prickles and bristles. Leaves including petiole 4–6 cm; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts ovate-lanceolate, margin glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole pubescent and glandular-pubescent; leaflets 5–9, rarely 11, dark green adaxially, broadly ovate or obovate, abaxially sparsely pubescent and glandular-pubescent, adaxially pubescent or subglabrous, base subrounded or broadly cuneate, margin doubly serrate, apex acute or truncate. Flowers solitary, rarely several, double, 4–6.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 4–5 cm, glabrous; bracts absent. Hypanthium depressed-globose, glabrous. Sepals 5, ca. 2 × as long as hypanthium, triangular-lanceolate, leaflike, abaxially sparsely pubescent and glandular-pubescent, adaxially densely villous, margin entire or outer ones with a few fine lateral appendages. Petals 5, deep yellow. Styles free, not exserted, pubescent. Hip red, globose, with persistent, erect sepals.
Cultivated. S Xinjiang (Yutian Xian) [native to SW Asia].