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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Vitaceae | Vitis

4. Vitis balansana Planchon in A. Candolle & C. Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 612. 1887.

小果葡萄 xiao guo pu tao

Branchlets terete, with longitudinal ridges; tendrils bifurcate, leaf-opposed. Stipules brown, oval to oblong, 2-4 × 1.5-3 mm; petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade adaxially green, cordate-oval or broadly ovate, 4-14 × 3.5-9.5 cm, basal veins 5, lateral veins 4-6 pairs, veinlets conspicuous and raised, base cordate, notch obtuse, margin with 16-22 fine teeth on each side, slightly undulate, apex acute or mucronulate. Panicle leaf-opposed, 4-13 cm. Pedicel 1-1.5 mm. Buds obovoid, 1-1.4 mm, apex rounded. Calyx cupular, entire. Petals galeate. Filaments filiform in male flowers, 0.6-1 mm; anthers yellow, elliptic, ca. 0.4 mm; stamens shorter than pistils in female flowers, abortive. Disk 0.3-0.4 mm. Ovary conical; style short; stigma slightly expanded. Berry purple-black at maturity, globose, 5-8 mm in diam. Seeds obovoid, apex rounded, chalazal knot elliptic. Fl. Feb-Aug, fr. Jun-Nov.

Forests, shrublands, valleys; 200-800 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [Vietnam].

1 Leaves 3-cleft.   4c var. ficifolioides
+ Leaves undivided   (2)
2 (1) Branchlets, leaves, and petioles with sparse arachnoid tomentum when young, becoming glabrescent.   4a var. balansana
+ Branchlets, leaves, and petioles with dense, persistent, white arachnoid tomentum.   4b var. tomentosa


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