1. Arundinaria subg. Bashania (P. C. Keng & T. P. Yi) D. Z. Li, Novon. 15: 600. 2005.
巴山木竹亚属 ba shan mu zhu ya shu
Bashania P. C. Keng & T. P. Yi, J. Nanjing Univ., Nat. Sci. Ed. 1982(3): 722. 1982.
Subarborescent subtropical to temperate bamboos. Culms 3–8(–13) m tall; internodes grooved above branches, rough, finely striate, waxy; nodes slightly swollen, supra-nodal ridge prominent, wavy. Branch buds on promontory; prophyll keels thickened, prominent, densely pubescent and ciliate. Branches initially 3–6, erect to spreading, terete, basal internodes compressed, lateral branching close to culm. Leaves few, branchlets ramifying extensively. Leaf blade lanceolate, to 32 cm, thick, dark glossy. Inflorescence terminal or lateral. Branches erect to spreading, pubescent, branching subtended by very small remnants of sheaths or rings of hairs, pulvinate. Spikelets several, on promontory; prophyll represented by lower glume; glumes 2, lower glume close to lower lemma, without subtended buds; palea keels glabrous, appressed to rachilla.
* Two species:China.
Molecular evidence would suggest that Arundinaria subg. Bashania is possibly closer to Indocalamus than to A. subg. Arundinaria.