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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Euphorbia

5. Euphorbia subg. Lacanthis (Rafinesque) M. G. Gilbert, Kew Bull. 42: 238. 1987.

非洲大戟亚属 fei zhou da ji ya shu

Lacanthis Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 94. 1837.

Dwarf herbs to shrubs, sometimes geophytic. Stems succulent, mostly spiny, mostly terete or obscurely angled, rarely distinctly angled. Leaves alternate, persistent or caducous; stipules often spinelike, sometimes with additional spines, rarely without spines. Cyathia in axillary, usually subterminal, cymes, often with long peduncles; cyathophylls usually conspicuous, brightly colored; cyathial glands without appendages.

About 75 species: endemic to Madagascar; one species (introduced) in China.

Molecular data have shown that species from NE Africa, formally related to Euphorbia subg. Lacanthis, belong to a distinct lineage.

Lower Taxon


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