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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus Desf.


Description from Flora of China

Trees or small trees. Branchlets pubescent, with a pith. Leaves alternate, pinnate; leaflets 13-41, opposite or nearly so; blades papery or thinly leathery, base oblique, margin entire or serrate, apex acuminate, base sometimes 1- or 2-dentate on either side, teeth glandular abaxially at apex. Flowers small, polygamo-dioecious, in axillary or terminal thyrses. Sepals 5, imbricate. Petals 5, valvate. Disk 10-lobed. Stamens 10, inserted at base of disk, undeveloped or rudimentary in pistillate flowers. Carpels 2-5, free or slightly connate only at base; ovules 1 or 2 per locule, campylotropous or anatropous; styles 2-5, connate, but only with female trace in male flowers. Samarium oblong-elliptic, with a seed surrounded by wing. Seed flat, rounded, obovate or slightly deltoid, with some endosperm or without; endocarp thin; cotyledons compressed.

About ten species: Asia to N Oceania; six species (five endemic) in China.

Lower Taxon


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Ailanthus.pdf
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