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Pakistan | Family List | Simaroubaceae

1. Ailanthus Desf. in Mem. Acad. Sc. Par. 265. t. 8. 1786 (1789). Bennett in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1:518. 1875; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2:193. 1902; Talbot, For. Fl. Pres. Bomb. 1:208. 1911; Bailey, Man. Cult. Pl. (revised ed.) 611. 1966; L.H. Bailey and E.Z. Bailey, Hortus Third 42. 1976.


Dioecious or sometimes polygamous, large trees with pithy thick bark and distinct leaf-scars. Leaves alternate, large, imparipinnate or paripinnate; leaflets opposite or ± opposite, oblique, entire or toothed, with glands on the underside of the teeth; stipules absent. Inflorescence an axillary panicle. Flowers unisexual, 5 (-6)-merous, actinomorphic. Disc 10-lobed or entire, annular, cupular or elongated. Calyx 5 (-6)-lobed, lobes equal, imbricate. Petals as many as sepals, oblong to narrowly oblong, concave, imbricate or valvate in bud. Stamens 10 in male flowers, 5-6 in bisexual flowers (but with sterile anthers) or vestigial or absent; anthers oblong. Ovary superior, of 2-5 free carpels, flat, 5-locular, placentation axile, ovules solitary in each locule, anatropous; styles as many as carpels, free or connate; pistillode in the male flowers vestigial or absent. Fruit an oblong-lanceolate or linear samara. Seeds flat, orbicular or obovate or ± triangular, exalbuminous.

A small genus of c. 5 species (Nooteboom, Fl. Males. I (6): 215. 1962), chiefly distributed in Asia and Australia. In Pakistan it is represented by two cultivated species.

1 Leaves glandular beneath, entire except the 2-4 coarse teeth at the base. Samara twisted at the top   1 Ailanthus altissima
+ Leaves irregularly glandular toothed. Samara twisted at the base   2 Ailanthus excelsa

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
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